Social dominance theory SDT is a theory of intergroup relations that focuses on the maintenance and stability of group-based social hierarchies. The theory proposes that widely shared cultural ideologies i. Social dominance theory was first formulated in by psychology professors and researchers, Jim Sidanius and Felicia Pratto. These hierarchies have a trimorphic 3-form structure. This means that these hierarchies are based on 1 age i.
Theories of domination are primarily attempts to understand the value of justice, freedom, and equality by examining cases where they are absent. Such theories seek to clarify and systematize our judgments about what it is to be weak against uncontrolled strength, i. There is, of course, considerable disagreement about what domination really is. Even so, theorists of domination tend to agree about this much: domination is a kind of unconstrained, unjust imbalance of power that enables agents or systems to control other agents or the conditions of their actions. The basic idea has the following components:.