All rights reserved. Long before Picasso , ancient artists in what is now Spain were making creative works of their own, mixing pigments, crafting beads out of seashells, and painting murals on cave walls. The twist? These artistic innovators were probably Neanderthals. Dated to 65, years ago, the cave paintings and shell beads are the first works of art dated to the time of Neanderthals , and they include the oldest cave art ever found. In two new studies, published Thursday in Science and Science Advances , researchers lay out the case that these works of art predate the arrival of modern Homo sapiens to Europe, which means someone else must have created them.
Rock (Art) of Ages: Indonesian Cave Paintings Are 40,000 Years Old
Cave art: World's oldest paintings of animals discovered in Borneo
Modern critics would probably hail the up and coming rock artists that once inhabited Indonesia. About a hundred caves outside Moras, a town in the tropical forests of Sulawesi, were once lined with hand stencils and vibrant murals of abstract pigs and dwarf buffalo. Today only fragments of the artwork remain, and the mysterious artists are long gone. Swiss naturalists Fritz and Paul Sarasin returned from a scientific expedition to Indonesia between to with tales of ancient rock shelters, artifacts and cave paintings, but few specifics. Dutch archaeologist H. Work by local scientists describes more recent charcoal drawings that depict domesticated animals and geometric patterns. It also mentions patches of potentially older art in a red, berry-colored paint—probably a form of iron-rich ochre —that adorns cave chamber entrances, ceilings and deep, less accessible rooms.
The art inside this cave and within most other caves that dot portions of Spain, France, and other areas worldwide are amongst the best art pieces ever created. Here is a list of the oldest cave paintings:. Discovered By: Bulgarian Council of Ministers. Its cave walls are adorned by prehistoric cave paintings that date back around to years ago.
These animal carvings now in New Kalabsha, Southern Egypt are older than the ruin, the Kiosk of Qertassi that they stand beside Figure 1. The problem is that they are just marks cut or incised into the rock and our ability to age them is not as good as with organic materials. Defining the subject and age of rock paintings can mean archaeologists are able to determine more about the life of prehistoric peoples and acquire a better understanding of our origins.