GBS is a bacteria that is found in the bowel, genital tract, urinary tract, throat, or respiratory tract of some adults. Many people carry GBS in their bodies but do not become ill. GBS can cause mild disease in adults, such as urinary tract infections bladder infections. GBS can also cause serious infections in adults that include bloodstream infections, pneumonia infection in the lung , skin and soft-tissue infections, and bone and joint infections.
Monica M. Farley, Larry J. Group B streptococcal GBS disease in nonpregnant adults is increasing, particularly in elderly persons and those with significant underlying diseases. Diabetes, neurological impairment, and cirrhosis increase risk for invasive GBS disease. Skin, soft-tissue, and osteoarticular infections, pneumonia, and urosepsis are common presentations. Meningitis and endocarditis are less common but associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Disease is frequently nosocomial and may be related to the placement of an iv catheter.
Strep is short for Streptococcus, a type of bacteria. There are several types. Two of them cause most of the strep infections in people: group A and group B. Group B strep can cause blood infections, pneumonia and meningitis in newborns. A screening test during pregnancy can tell if you have it.
Immunization of nonpregnant adults could help prevent invasive group B Streptococcus GBS infections, but adult immune responses have not been investigated. We defined capsular polysaccharide CPS and pilus island PI surface antigen distribution and expression and immune responses to GBS infection in nonpregnant adults. CPS types were Ia In the United States, group B Streptococcus GBS has emerged as a frequent cause of invasive infection in nonpregnant adults with underlying medical conditions. The incidence of GBS disease among these patients increased from 3.